MXA TWO-STROKE FILES: JOHN BASHER’S TRICK YAMAHA YZ125
By John Basher
I’ve long had a love affair with the Yamaha YZ125. That adulation is shared by the rest of the MXA wrecking crew. Need proof? The YZ125 won our “125 Two-Stroke Shootout” in 2015, coming out ahead of bikes that are newer and faster. On paper, it would appear that the aged YZ125 is cannon fodder; instead, it’s a winner, thanks to a broad powerband, lightweight chassis and the best stock suspension known to man. The Yamaha YZ125 is the ultimate example of refinement—the Chateau Margaux of the motorcycle world.
Given the choice of any two-stroke on the MXA lot, I jumped at the opportunity to build my vision of the dream Yamaha YZ125. And despite my best intentions to keep the project bike within the bounds of reason, I melted the company credit card. No sane person would spend over $6390—the retail price of a 2015 YZ125—on aftermarket parts alone. Yet, that’s how much my changes cost, and I came away with a bike revered by my colleagues.
Here is how I did it.
(1) Engine. Power is the name of the game in the 125cc two-stroke class. In most club-race organizations, it’s perfectly legal to run upwards of 150cc in the 125 class. I pondered installing an Athena YZ144 kit, but I didn’t feel that the juice was worth the squeeze. Upping the displacement meant splitting the cases and grinding away material to account for the oversized piston. There were easier ways to gain 2 horsepower. First, I replaced the stock reed block with a Boyesen RAD valve. The stout carbon fiber reeds and aerodynamic reed-block shape optimize airflow for better throttle response and peak horsepower. The RAD valve bolted on without any modifications. Good stuff. Second, while I had the carburetor off, I installed a Boyesen Power X-Wing. It essentially streamlines air being sucked through the airboot and directs air more efficiently into the carburetor. Daniel Bernoulli would highly endorse the Power X-Wing, but since the physicist died more than 200 years ago, I’ll praise the Boyesen invention for him. Third, I ditched the stock plastic filter cage for a Twin Air Powerflow kit. The sturdy aluminum cage ensures that the Twin Air foam air filter mounts properly and doesn’t create leaks. It’s peace of mind. Fourth, I rang up Pro Circuit and ordered a Works pipe and Ti-2 titanium/Kevlar silencer. Paying $329.95 for the silencer alone seemed ludicrous, but it knocked about 2 pounds off. Decreasing weight wasn’t my overall goal for a bike that rolls off the showroom floor at 199 pounds. Still, improving power while trimming the fat is a win-win.
(2) Forks and shock. MXA has access to the most expensive suspension hop-ups that money can buy. I fought the urge to go shopping for Showa A-kit forks or suspension work. Why? Nothing beats the stock Yamaha YZ125 forks and shock. I didn’t want a tuner to stiffen up the suspension for my 175-pound carcass, despite the fact that Yamaha valved the Kayaba SSS units for a 130-pound kid. There’s no reason to spend a dime on the stock suspension. It’s that good. I have never ridden with suspension that works so well across such a wide range of skill levels and weight variances.
(3) Triple clamps. Ride Engineering recently introduced a 22mm-offset triple clamp for the YZ125 that they claim sharpens the handling at turn-in. I was afraid that changing the offset would put too much weight on the front end and cause instability at high speeds. That’s why I also ordered Ride Engineering’s steering stabilizer kit, which uses a Honda HPSD steering damper. It was disconcerting to drill mounting holes for the bracket into the head tube, but we haven’t encountered any long-term problems. I really like Ride’s one-piece bar mount, because it prevents the bar mount from twisting in a crash. Overall, I was pleased with the YZ125’s handling characteristics. Turn initiation was improved for sharper cornering, and any resulting headshake at high speed was reduced by the HPSD damper.
(4) Shock linkage. I don’t have the physique of the typical 125cc two-stroke rider. At 6-foot-1, I tower over the YZ125, which means that I put a lot of stress on the Kayaba shock. I could have jumped up a spring rate, but that would have taken away from the performance benefits achieved by Yamaha’s R&D crew. Instead, I opted for a Ride Engineering performance link. The 1.5mm-longer arm stiffens the initial part of the stroke for better control and less wallowing. It lowers the rear of the YZ125 by 5mm, which allows me to ride more aggressively in rough terrain, particularly when loading the shock pounding through whoops. As a result, the rear wheel sticks like the Tron Light Cycle.
(5) Wheels. The manufacturers have beefed up their rims to the point where wheel failures are rather rare. In truth, I’m not that hard on rims and don’t need stronger wheels for my YZ125, but what I do need is a second set of wheels mounted up and ready to go in case I get a flat or want to use different tires. Dubya wheels aren’t cheap, but they are indestructible. I especially like the aftermarket wheel spacers and spline-drive spoke nipples. The YZ125 comes with bland-looking silver rims. Given the option, I chose black rims and spokes with magnesium-colored hubs. Very nice.
(6) Controls. Anyone would be happy with the stock YZ125 levers, but I wanted to give my project bike a personal touch. First, I got Works Connection on the horn. I have always loved their clutch perch, and now that they make manufacturer-specific clutch-throw leverage ratios, I like the perch even more. Second, the black, forged Works Connection brake lever is durable, with a rounded edge along the blade that fits my right index finger like a glove. Third, Renthal 997-bend TwinWall handlebars are my favorite bend, with the added bonus of having a crossbar. (I have a psychological fear of riding with handlebars that don’t have a crossbar.) Fourth, I used Renthal Kevlar dual-compound tapered grips. They are absolutely the best grips made. Fifth, I called up Torc 1 Racing and ordered a rear brake pedal and shifter. The forged brake pedal has a wide tip with sharp teeth to ensure that I don’t miss the pedal, with the added bonus of running a brake snake. A knurled tip on the forged aluminum shifter makes it easyto grab gears, even in wet and muddy conditions. Sixth, I ditched the stock footpegs for Pro-Pegs 60mm-wide titanium footpegs. They can also be used as meat cleavers.
(7) Seat foam. Many factory teams run Think Technology seat foam, although you wouldn’t know it. That’s because the average person can’t stroll into Monster Kawasaki’s pit area and remove their race bike’s seat. It’s shocking to feel the weight difference between the stock seat foam (1.25 pounds) and the Think Technology Lite seat foam (0.25 pounds). While I had Think Technology on the phone, I ordered a lightweight crossbar pad that weighs 0.4 ounces (a Renthal pad is 1.6 ounces).
(8) Clutch. My riding style changes drastically when I hop on a two-stroke. Normally, I’m gentle on my clutch, because a four-stroke has enough torque to propel me out of corners without touching the clutch lever. Unfortunately, my two-stroke technique is not so smooth. I hammer the clutch in order to stay on the pipe. As a result, I burn through clutch plates faster than a pyromaniac at a Lincoln Log factory. Rather than spend my time between motos putting in new fibers, I bit the bullet and ordered a complete Hinson clutch. It wasn’t cheap, but it’s reassuring to know that my YZ125 clutch will last longer than the bike itself.
(9) Brakes. Any bike not made by KTM or Husqvarna could stand to have a stronger front brake. The YZ125 is incredibly light and doesn’t produce much power, but a stout front brake is always nice to have when you get into a pinch. I’ve had success with the Moto-Master oversize Flame rotor kit. It improves stopping power without ruining modulation. I prefer to run stock brake pads, because they provide the best feel. While I was at it, I also installed a Moto-Master rear brake rotor.
(10) Aesthetics. Yamaha updated the YZ125 plastics for 2015, which moved the bike out of the prehistoric category. Perhaps you noticed that
I use black plastics on all of my personal project bikes. It’s my calling card, so to speak. This time around, however, I couldn’t go the all-black route, because the aftermarket companies hadn’t finished making their specialized molds. Cycra Racing came to my rescue by shipping out a PowerFlow black front fender, Stadium front number plate and fork guards. The black front end made my YZ125 look stealthy, with the added benefit that the PowerFlow fender improved airflow to the radiators. DeCal Works tied the package together with a semi-custom complete graphics kit. It was the equivalent of outfitting my girl with a Vera Wang gown.
(11) Final words. An argument can be made that my YZ125 borders on extravagant. Yet, every test rider who rode my prized YZ125 agreed that the improved performance was worth the investment. It was so good that it won the 125 Pro class at the 2015 World Two-Stroke Championships. Put that in your pipe and smoke it.